It uses very dissonant harmonies; its two outer movements sound like slowly grinding granite and the middle movement is like experiencing the slowly binding crush of an insidious vine.
I like the piece; I find it immediate and powerful in its emotional impact and even strangely and uniquely beautiful.
Ruggles composed the music according to his own awkward and arbitrary rules. Essentially, these dictate that certain pitches cannot be repeated until a specific number of other pitches have been played.
On the face of it this seems a very cumbersome, unsubtle and counter-intuitive approach to apply to the fluid medium of music and the creative process of composition. Its application, however, created a piece of music that has influenced many composers and is still being performed today, ninety years after its composition.
Ruggles did not impose the above rules on himself to be rebellious or just plain awkward. He did it to force himself to think differently and find new solutions to new problems.
What awkward rules can you apply to your life and work to make you think and act differently, so enhancing your ability to generate innovative ideas? Here are ten possibilities:
- You must gain five differing opinions before making decisions and taking action.
- You must not use the same analysis or problem solving tool more than twice in a row for the same sort of tasks.
- When studying a subject you must read the work of three authors new to you before revisiting your old favourites. You must incorporate the thinking of at least one of the new authors into your work.
- When writing you must use no more than a set amount of words per sentence or paragraph and ensure that the document is no more than a set number of pages in length. You must also include a concept or idea you have not used before.
- You must change your environment or change your activity at set intervals.
- You must make contact of some kind with a set number of people or organisations each day, before you finish work.
- You must change your route to or from work every three days and stop at least once along the way, however fleetingly, to explore a neighbourhood or venue new to you. You must tell someone about it during your day.
- When you give an opinion at a meeting you must wait for three other people to say something before you repeat yourself.
- You must identify what you like, dislike or find interesting about an idea before you decide to accept or reject it.
- You must find at least one way to make your least favoured idea or solution viable before you discard it.
Set yourself some awkward rules. Choose from the above or create your own. Like Ruggles, it is best if you create your own. Force yourself to think and act differently, and innovation will likely follow.